Pushkar is one of the most famous Hindu pilgrimage sites and it is said that a dip in the sacred lake of Pushkar is akin to the visits to the four main Hindu shrines known as 'Chaar Dhaam'. The charming lake of Pushkar is surrounded by hills on three sides and sand dunes on the fourth and presents an ideal site for the religious and cattle fair, which is held every year in the month of October or November. Pushkar alone has more than 400 temples and is said to be the only place with a temple dedicated to Lord Brahma, one of the most important member of the Holy Trinity of Hindus who is known as 'The Creator').
Historically, Pushkar is not far behind. It has it share of being one of the cities of great strategic importance and was bagged by Mehmood of Ghanzi on one of his periodic forays from Afghanistan. Later Mughals acquired it and it is said that it was here that the British established contact with the Moghuls for the first time. In 1616, Pushkar witnessed the meeting of Sir Thomas Roe with Emperor Jehangir. Pushkar eventually fell into the lap of Scindias until it reached the hands of British in 1818, who preferred to keep it directly under their control rather than letting it remain as a part of a princely state.
Pushkar owes much of its beauty to the beautiful hills surrounding it and 'Nag pahar' (translated as 'The Snake Mountain') that forms a natural boundary between Ajmer and Pushkar. According to Hindu mythology, all the gods visit Pushkar for five days in a year to bless the devout and absolve them of their sins. There are many legends associated to the origin of Pushkar and Pushkar Fair but they have one thing in common. They are all associated with Lord Brahma. A visit to Pushkar Fair is an experience of a lifetime and is certainly not worth a miss.
BRAHMA MANDIR: (Lord of the Universe) This is the only Temple dedicated to Lord Bhrama in World. The temple stands on a high plinth with a striking red sandstone spire (shiker), marble steps leading up to it the temple. Just above the main gateway there is an image of a goose, the symbol of Brahma. Within the temple is a silver turtle set on the floor facing the Sanctum Sanctorum or Girbha-griha. All around this turtle on the Marble floor there are inset hundreds of silver coins. Coins engraved with donor's names are also embedded into the walls. Peacocks adorn most of walls of the temple; Hindus believed it to be the vehicle of lord Brahma's consort Saraswati (the goddess of learning).
SAVITRI TEMPLE: This very colourful temple is located behind the Brahma Temple on a hilltop. The temple is dedicated to the first consort of lord Brahma it offers breathtaking views of the Pushkar Lake in the morning & is well worth the uphill trek.
VARAH TEMPLE: The huge idol here of Varah, the god with the body of a man and the head of the boar is of immense curiosity to the non-Hindu. The deity of this temple offended Emperor Aurangzeb (a pious Muslim) who and had it destroyed. Raja Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur reconstructed it in 1727. The temple has an interesting and richly ornamented image house.
MAHADEVA TEMPLE: This beautiful temple built in the 19th century has a remarkable feature; a white marble idol of Lord Mahadeva with five faces. The temple itself has elegant ornamentation that is by far the best seen in Pushkar.
RAMAVAIKUNTH TEMPLE: Pushkar's more modern and largest with more intricate ornamentation, the Ramavaikunth Temple was built in the 1920's and has beautifully sculpted images of no less than 361 different deities. The ornate outer gopuram over the entrance is said to have been built by a team of masons specially brought here from south India.
THE PUSHKAR FAIR: Held in the month of Kartik each year 'The Pushkar Mela' (fair) is the best time to visit. The Mela is a staggering sight, camels, horses, cows, goats, and sheep from all over the desert state are transported here to be traded during this week-long fair. Suddenly the barren plains around Pushkar are awash with a flood of animals and their masters; the desert explodes into a riot of colour. The men in their brightly coloured turbans and the heavily bejeweled women with their vividly hued ghagaras (ankle-length skirts) add to the spectacle.
Pushkar Camel Fair 2013 Date: 09 - 17 November
Pushkar Camel Fair 2014 Date: 30 oct.- 06 Nov.
Pushkar Camel Fair 2015 Date: 18 - 25 November